how-to-build-a-garage

How to Build the Best Garage in your Home?

There are spaces in our home that we don’t need and there are spaces that are essential to us too, like a garage. Did you ever try building a garage in your home? How did it go? Was it successful or not? If it was successful, then you did the right thing.

If you failed, then there’s something wrong with how you executed it. This article will assist you in building the best garage you could ever make in your home, using the step-by-step guide. Plus, the best material you could use in building one!

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best-garage-for-home

Why do we need garages in our home? Over the years, there are collections and furniture that we don’t use anymore but can’t give them away. We need a space to store those things, that’s why having a garage is a blessing.

The trick to a successful construction project planning how to do it, just like building a garage. When you build a garage, what you have to consider first is having in place a good plan before executing it. One of the most essential things to find before you build a garage is a place where to put it.

Planning for this garage took over a year. Make sure that you spend time thinking through every detail and getting the answers you needed before you start the project. You also have to purchase tools and those purchases required careful research.

The first things you need to prepare are your tools and equipment. It is necessary to have a complete list of the tools you might need in building your own garage. The following is the list of the tools in building a garage:

Tools and Materials required

tools-in-building-a-garage

The tools in building a garage

  • Stapler
  • Pneumatic Nailer
  • Plumb line
  • Caulking gun
  • Hammer
  • Carpenter's level
  • Electric drill and drill bits
  • Boundary stakes
  • Ratchet wrench
  • Chalk line
  • Utility knife
  • Nail punch
  • Measuring tape
  • Circular saw
  • Square
excavation-foundation-garage-build-backyard-storage-2

The materials you need

On the other hand, the following are the materials you need:

  • Tarred fibre board
  • Plastic roof cement
  • Finishing nails
  • Galvanized nails and screws
  • Roof shingles
  • Framing lumber
  • Treated lumber
  • Shims
  • Plywood
  • Window
  • Roof trusses
  • Drip edge
the-materials-you-need

Follow every step and instructions carefully to build the best garage.

Now let’s move on to the real thing; building your garage. Follow every step and instructions carefully to build the best garage.

Step 1

Before building the assembly

Before you plan to start your project, talk to the authorities in your communities about permits you’re required to pass, specifically those who work in the municipal office. Contact your local utility company too, to locate and mark any buried water or gas lines.

Read your prepared plan from start to finish and assure that it is already final. It’s also important to give enough time to do the job, taking time and preparation into account. Check the weather and check your place again.

Step 2

Excavate the area and build the foundation

Stake out the boundaries of the garage area. Call in a surveyor to establish the exact location for the garage and hire a contractor to excavate the area to the depth required.

The specialized contractor should also be called in to do the foundation work. The steps are: footing, concrete walls, backfill floor slab.

Step 3

Build the exterior walls

Assemble the wall frames flat on the ground using lumber with less than 19% moisture content. All the exterior walls are made of 2" x 4" lumber except for the wall with the garage door opening which is made from 2" x 6".

The studs – vertical members – must be spaced 16" apart. The bottom plate at the base of the walls is the same width as the studs, i.e. 4".

  • Lay the bottom or "sill" plate in the future location of the wall base.
  • Drill holes in the plate every 4' to line up with the anchor bolts set in the foundation.
  • Nail the studs to the plate at right angles, spacing each one 16" apart, centre to centre.
  • Fasten the top plate to the top of the studs.
Step 4

Build the door opening

The door opening is framed on either side by two studs nailed together. These are the door jambs. Another stud is attached to the inside of each jamb and supports the door lintel or header. The header transfers its load onto the double studs on either side of the opening.

  • Install double 2" × 4" studs on either side of the door opening. These exterior or "king" studs rest on the sill plate, while the interior or "trimmer" stud rests on the ground and is shorter, since it supports the header.
  • Install the header. Fasten one piece of 2" × 10" onto one side of the wall and another piece to the other side. The gap between the two pieces will be filled with insulation material.
Step 5

Build the window opening

The window opening is framed on either side by two studs nailed together.

  • Determine the location of the window in the wall.
  • Install a 2" × 4" stud on either side of the window opening. These two king studs rest on the bottom (sill) plate of the wall frame.
  • Fasten a 2" × 4" trimmer stud to the inside of the king studs up to the height of the rough sill.
  • Place the rough sill on the trimmer studs and nail it to them.
  • Fasten a 2" × 4" trimmer stud to the inside of the two king studs from the rough sill up to the header. These trimmer studs rest on the rough sill.
  • Install the header. Fasten one piece of 2" × 10" onto one side of the wall and another onto the other side. The gap between the two pieces will be filled with insulation material.
Step 6

Build the garage door opening

  • Determine the location of overhead garage door.
  • Install triple 2" × 6" studs on either side of the door opening. The ends rest on the floor. The inside trimmer studs are shorter, to support the header.
  • Nail three pieces of 2" × 10" together to form the header.
  • Rest the header on the studs and nail it to them.
Step 7

Erect the wall frames

  • Make sure that the sill plate is properly positioned on the ground before raising the wall frame. You need help from other people to do this.
  • Attach a bracing plank at one end of the wall. Then nail the wall to the brace to hold the structure upright while you continue working.
  • Build the second wall frame and erect it.
  • Check if the two walls are square and level. Secure them temporarily with diagonal braces attached to the top and bottom of the walls at the ends.
  • Raise the wall frames, one at a time7.5 When all the walls are upright and in position, check that they are square with each other and plumb.
  • Nail the walls together at the corners and join the top plates.
Step 8

Life the roof trusses

Close the roof as soon as possible to avoid any damage. Roof trusses are designed and pre-built by specialized manufacturers to the exact specifications of your garage plans. Trusses have clearly defined support points, which make them easier to anchor onto the exterior walls.

  • Measure and mark the location of the garage roof trusses but before installing it, mark their position on the top plates. Begin the installation at one end of the roof.
  • Lift the trusses with a rope and pulley or hoisting equipment.
  • When the roof trusses are in position, nail a brace to each one to hold them in place temporarily.
Step 9

Cover the roof

Cover the roof with plywood sheathing

  • Lay the panels across the trusses, perpendicular to the rafters.
  • Stagger the joints of each course and ensure that the ends of the panels meet over the centre of a truss.
  • Install waterproof self-adhesive membrane along the roof edges.
  • Install flashing along valleys over the top of the membrane.
  • Cover the entire roof surface with felt paper.
Step 10

Install the access door

The procedure for hanging an exterior door is generally always the same, but you should follow the manufacturer's specific instructions.

  • Install the garage access door.
  • Apply sealer to the threshold on the ground and place the door in the opening.
  • Adjust the door threshold and insert shims as needed.
  • Fasten the door firmly in place. Drive the screws through the shims next to the hinge.
  • Nail the door jambs and exterior trim. Cut the shims, insulate the door frame and caulk the exterior frame.
  • Install the handle, lock and inside frame.
Step 11

Install the window

After working on the door, the next step is to install the garage window.

  • If working from the outside, place the window in the opening.
  • Fasten the window frame to the garage framing with long galvanized screws.
  • Insulate the window around the frame with mineral wool and neoprene foam strip. Caulk.
  • Install the flashing, drip edge and J-channels.
Step 12

Install the garage door

Installing an overhead garage door is a challenge and requires some expertise.

  • Install the garage door. Lay out the door sections on the ground so they are straight and correctly arranged, with their exterior side face down.
  • Centre the bottom section in the door opening and find the exact point at which to screw the vertical track.
  • Screw the vertical track to the door jamb.
  • Place the rollers in the track and in the hinges, starting with the bottom section.
  • Install the horizontal tracks. Then, install the extension spring(s) and the cable(s), depending on the door type.

I hope that this detailed step on how to build the best garage in your home is informative, helpful and enjoyable. Building a garage is exhausting, yet very fun especially if you see the results of your labor.

This step-by-step guide is written to assist you in building a garage in your home, so that you won’t do it just by yourself experimenting and hoping things will work. How well did you enjoy this step-by guide?

Comment your other suggestions like some alternative to materials and/or other ways to build a garage in most simple ways. This article will surely not just help you, but it can help your friends and relatives so don’t forget to share this with them.

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